Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource, 4th Edition
This guide to the principles of anesthesia administration in animals combines user-friendly coverage of essential information with an outstanding illustration program and improved readability. This practical resource prepares students to administer anesthesia with information on pre-anesthetic preparation of the patient, induction procedures, monitoring animals’ vital signs during the anesthetic period, and postoperative care. It includes discussions of actions and side effects of anesthetic agents, the physiology of respiration, heart rate and blood pressure, emergency response, anesthetic equipment, and specialized techniques.
- Comprehensive scope of coverage includes both large and small animals.
- A reading level and depth of information appropriate for the technical level.
- Easy-to-read, user-friendly format makes this a practical guide in the classroom or in practice.
- Objectives, key points, and review questions help reinforce learning.
- Focus on health and safety issues satisfies OSHA requirements.
- Step-by-step procedures boxes clarify the technician's role in anesthesia delivery.
- New organization and completely updated techniques, drugs, and equipment keep you up-to-date on the latest advances in the field.
- 49 new procedures boxes, 20 anesthetic protocol boxes, and 5 case studies help you apply knowledge to real-life situations.
- Two new large animal chapters cover pain management and anesthetic techniques for equine and ruminant patients.
- Illustrated, step-by-step procedures and the full-color format make this text inviting and user-friendly.
- All new figures and 4-color art make the material easy to understand and visually appealing.
- New material in every chapter incorporates the expanding role of veterinary technician anesthetists, especially in referral practices, teaching institutions, and research.
- Chapter outlines and Technician Tips emphasize key information and highlight key terms in the glossary.
- Student resources on the Evolve website include a video animation that demonstrates the use and maintenance of different anesthesia machines.
- Introduction to Anesthesia
History of anesthesia
The Veterinary Technician’s Role in the Practice of Anesthesia
- Patient Preparation
- Anesthetic Agents and Adjuncts
- Anesthetic Equipment
- Anesthetic Monitoring
- Special Techniques
- Canine and Feline Anesthesia
Communication—A Key to Success
The Minimum Patient Database
Physical Examination and Physical Assessment
Preanesthetic Diagnostic Workup
Determination of the Physical Status Classification
Selection of the Anesthetic Protocol
Preinduction Patient Care
Withholding Food before Anesthesia
Reasons for Intravenous Catheterization
Choosing and Placing an Intravenous Catheter
Composition of Body Fluids
Classification of IV Fluids
IV Fluid Selection and Administration Rates
Adverse Effects of Fluid Administration
Calculating Fluid Administration Rates
Other Preanesthetic Care
Introduction to Anesthetic Agents and Adjuncts
Agonists, Partial Agonists, Mixed Agonist-Antagonists, and Antagonists
Analgesic Effects of Anesthetics and Adjuncts
Using drugs in combination
Regulatory Considerations for Controlled Substances
Reasons for the use of preanesthetic medications
Tranquilizers and Sedatives
Classes of Inhalation Agents
CNS and Respiratory Stimulants
Endotracheal Tubes and Associated Equipment
Endotracheal tube parts
Components of the Anesthetic Machine
Operation of the Anesthetic Machine
Care and Maintenance of Anesthetic Equipment
Introduction to Monitoring
Stages and Planes of Anesthesia
Overview of Anesthetic Stages and Planes
Finding the Optimum Depth
Determining whether or not the Patient is Safe
Indicators of Circulation
Capillary refill time
Indicators of Oxygenation
Mucous membrane color
Physiology of Oxygen transport
Blood Gas Analysis
Indicators of Ventilation
Capnograph (End-tidal CO2 monitor)
Blood gas analysis
Indicators of Body Temperature
Assessment of Anesthetic Depth
Reflexes and Other Indicators of Anesthetic Depth
Judging Anesthetic Depth
Recording Information during Anesthesia
Local anesthetic agents
Characteristics of local anesthetics
Mechanism of Action
Route of Administration of Local Anesthetics
Toxicity of Local Anesthetics
Assisted and controlled ventilation
Ventilation in the Awake Animal
Ventilation in the Anesthetized Animal
Types of Controlled Ventilation
Risks of Controlled Ventilation
Neuromuscular blocking agents
Physiology of pain
Consequences of untreated pain
Signs of pain in animals
Pain assessment tools
Assessing response to therapy
Perioperative pain management
Pharmacologic analgesic therapy
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
Other Analgesic Agents
Selecting a Protocol
Summary of a General Anesthetic Procedure
Anesthetic induction with an IM agent or combination
Anesthetic induction with an IV injection of an ultra-short acting agent to effect
Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA) by IV boluses of an ultra-short acting agent
Total Intravenous Anesthesia (TIVA) by constant rate infusion (CRI)
Induction and maintenance with an inhalant agent
IV induction and maintenance with an inhalant agent
Premedication or Sedation
Equipment for Endotracheal Intubation
Selecting an Endotracheal Tube
Preparing the Tube
Checking for Proper Placement
Securing the Tube
Complications of Intubation
Maintenance of Anesthesia
Maintenance with an Inhalant Agent
Maintenance with repeat boluses of propofol or other ultrashort-acting agent
Maintenance with a CRI
Maintenance with injectable and inhalant agents
Maintenance with an IM injection
Patient Positioning, Comfort and Safety
Anesthetist's Role in the Recovery Period
Signs of Recovery
- Introduction to Anesthesia
John Thomas, DVM, Assistant Professor, Veterinary Technology, Cuyahoga Community College, Cleveland, OH and Phillip Lerche, BVSc, PhD, Dipl ACVA, Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH