cover image - Gray's Anatomy for Students Elsevier eBook on VitalSource,2nd Edition
ISBN: 9780323286022
Page Count: 1136
Imprint: Churchill Livingstone
List Price: $94.95

Gray's Anatomy for Students Elsevier eBook on VitalSource,2nd Edition

by Richard Drake, PhD, FAAA, A. Wayne Vogl, PhD, FAAA and Adam W. M. Mitchell, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR
Elsevier eBook on VitalSource
cover image - Gray's Anatomy for Students Elsevier eBook on VitalSource,2nd Edition
ISBN: 9780323286022
Page Count: 1136
Imprint: Churchill Livingstone
List Price: $94.95
Or $0.00 with a valid access code
It didn’t take long for students around the world to realize that anatomy texts just don’t get any better than Gray’s Anatomy for Students. Only in its 2nd edition, this already popular, clinically focused reference has moved far ahead of the competition and is highly recommended by anyone who uses it. A team of authors with a wealth of diverse teaching and clinical experience has updated and revised this new edition to efficiently cover what you’re learning in contemporary anatomy classes. An improved format, updated clinical material, and remarkable artwork by renowned illustrators Richard Tibbitts and Paul Richardson make anatomy easier than ever for you to master. Unique coverage of surface anatomy, correlative diagnostic images, and clinical case studies demonstrate practical applications of anatomical concepts. And, an international advisory board, comprised of more than 100 instructors, ensures that the material is accurate, up to date, and easy to use. To further enhance your learning experience, you’ll have access to the entire book online, with additional content, interactive exercises, and more.
    • Offers the complete contents of the book online as well as additional material, interactive exercises, and much more, at, giving you anywhere, anytime access to the information you need.
    • Uses more than 1,000 innovative original illustrations— by renowned illustrators Richard Tibbitts and Paul Richardson—to capture anatomical features with unrivalled clarity, and makes body structures easy to locate and remember from one illustration to another through consistent use of color.
    • Includes over 300 clinical photographs, including radiological images depicting surface anatomy and common clinical applications of anatomic knowledge.
    • Presents an organization by body region that parallels the approach used in most of today’s anatomy courses.
    • Features conceptual overviews summarizing each body region's component parts, functions, and relationship to other bodily organs.
    • Uses clinical cases to underscore the real-life relevance of the material.
    • Promotes further learning with other fine ancillaries from Gray’s, including Gray’s Atlas of Anatomy, Dorland’s/Gray’s Pocket Atlas of Anatomy, Gray’s Dissection Guide for Human Anatomy, and Gray’s Anatomy for Students Flash Cards.
    • Features a rewritten abdomen section for greater clarity.
    • Provides updates and revisions to clinical material to provide you with the absolute latest knowledge in the field.
    • Includes expanded discussions of cranial nerves for added clinical relevancy.
    • Uses a new internal design and presents an improved index for easier retrieval of information.
    • Provides more information on the general aspects of anatomy via introduction chapter.
  • 1 The body

    What is anatomy? 4

    How can gross anatomy be studied? 4

    Important anatomical terms 4

    Imaging 7

    Diagnostic imaging techniques 7

    Nuclear medicine imaging 10

    Image interpretation 11

    Plain radiography 12

    Computed tomography 12

    Magnetic resonance imaging 13

    Nuclear medicine imaging 13

    Safety in imaging 13

    Body systems 14

    Skeletal system 14

    Cartilage 14

    Bone 15

    Joints 20

    Skin and fascias 26

    Skin 26

    Fascia 26

    Muscular system 27

    Cardiovascular system 29

    Lymphatic system 31

    Lymphatic vessels 31

    Lymph nodes 32

    Lymphatic trunks and ducts 32

    Nervous system 34

    Central nervous system 34

    Functional subdivisions of the CNS 34

    Somatic part of the nervous system 35

    Visceral part of the nervous system 41

    Other systems 52

    Clinical cases 53

    2 Back

    Conceptual overview 56

    General description 56

    Functions 57

    Support 57

    Movement 57

    Protection of the nervous system 58

    Component parts 58

    Bones 58

    Muscles 60

    Vertebral canal 62

    Spinal nerves 63

    Relationship to other regions 64

    Head 64

    Thorax, abdomen, and pelvis 65

    Limbs 65

    Key features 65

    Long vertebral column and short spinal cord 65

    Intervertebral foramina and spinal nerves 66

    Innervation of the back 66

    Regional anatomy 67

    Skeletal framework 67

    Vertebrae 67

    Intervertebral foramina 75

    Posterior spaces between vertebral arches 75

    Joints 79

    Joints between vertebrae in the back 79

    Ligaments 82

    Anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments 82

    Ligamenta flava 82

    Supraspinous ligament and ligamentum

    nuchae 83

    Interspinous ligaments 84

    Back musculature 86

    Superficial group of back muscles 86

    Intermediate group of back muscles 92

    Deep group of back muscles 93

    Suboccipital muscles 99

    Spinal cord 101

    Vasculature 102

    Meninges 104

    Arrangement of structures in the vertebral

    canal 106

    Spinal nerves 107

    Surface anatomy 112

    Back surface anatomy 112

    Absence of lateral curvatures 112

    Primary and secondary curvatures in the sagittal

    plane 112

    Useful nonvertebral skeletal landmarks 112

    How to identify specific vertebral spinous

    processes 114

    Visualizing the inferior ends of the spinal cord and

    subarachnoid space 115

    Identifying major muscles 116

    Clinical cases 118

    3 Thorax

    Conceptual overview 124

    General description 124

    Functions 125

    Breathing 125

    Protection of vital organs 125

    Conduit 125

    Component parts 125

    Thoracic wall 125

    Superior thoracic aperture 126

    Inferior thoracic aperture 126

    Diaphragm 127

    Mediastinum 128

    Pleural cavities 128

    Relationship to other regions 129

    Neck 129

    Upper limb 130

    Abdomen 130

    Breast 130

    Key features 130

    Vertebral level TIV/V 130

    Venous shunts from left to right 132

    Segmental neurovascular supply of thoracic

    wall 132

    Sympathetic system 134

    Flexible wall and inferior thoracic aperture 134

    Innervation of the diaphragm 134

    Regional anatomy 137

    Pectoral region 137

    Breast 137

    Muscles of the pectoral region 139

    Thoracic wall 141

    Skeletal framework 141

    Intercostal spaces 147

    Diaphragm 156

    Venous drainage 158

    Innervation 158

    Movements of the thoracic wall and diaphragm

    during breathing 158

    Pleural cavities 159

    Pleura 159

    Lungs 163

    Mediastinum 176

    Middle mediastinum 177

    Superior mediastinum 204

    Posterior mediastinum 215

    Anterior mediastinum 223

    Surface anatomy 224

    Thorax surface anatomy 224

    How to count ribs 224

    Surface anatomy of the breast in women 225

    Visualizing structures at the TIV/V vertebral

    level 226

    Visualizing structures in the superior

    mediastinum 227

    Visualizing the margins of the heart 227

    Where to listen for heart sounds 228

    Visualizing the pleural cavities and lungs, pleural

    recesses, and lung lobes and fissures 228

    Where to listen for lung sounds 229

    Clinical cases 233

    44 Abdomen

    Conceptual overview 246

    General description 246

    Functions 247

    Houses and protects major viscera 247

    Breathing 249

    Changes in intra-abdominal pressure 249

    Component parts 250

    Wall 250

    Abdominal cavity 251

    Inferior thoracic aperture 253

    Diaphragm 253

    Pelvic inlet 254

    Relationship to other regions 254

    Thorax 254

    Pelvis 254

    Lower limb 255

    Key features 256

    Arrangement of abdominal viscera in the

    adult 256

    Skin and muscles of the anterior and lateral

    abdominal wall and thoracic intercostal

    nerves 259

    The groin is a weak area in the anterior abdominal

    wall 260

    Verterbral Level L1 262

    The gastrointestinal system and its derivatives are

    supplied by three major arteries 262

    Venous shunts from left to right 264

    All venous drainage from the gastrointestinal

    system passes through the liver 265

    Abdominal viscera are supplied by a large

    prevertebral plexus 266

    Regional anatomy 268

    Surface topography 268

    Four-quadrant pattern 268

    Nine-region pattern 269

    Abdominal wall 270

    Superficial fascia 270

    Anterolateral muscles 272

    Extraperitoneal fascia 278

    Peritoneum 279

    Innervation 279

    Arterial supply and venous drainage 280

    Lymphatic drainage 282

    Groin 282

    Inguinal canal 284

    Inguinal hernias 288

    Abdominal viscera 292

    Peritoneum 292

    Peritoneal cavity 293

    Organs 297

    Arterial supply 327

    Venous drainage 337

    Lymphatics 341

    Innervation 341

    Posterior abdominal region 348

    Posterior abdominal wall 349

    Viscera 355

    Vasculature 366

  • Richard Drake, PhD, FAAA, Director of Anatomy, Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, A. Wayne Vogl, PhD, FAAA, Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Adam W. M. Mitchell, MB BS, FRCS, FRCR, Consultant Radiologist, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Honorary Senior Lecturer, Imperial College, London, UK
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