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Introductory Biomechanics - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource
Elsevier eBook on VitalSource®

Introductory Biomechanics - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource

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An interactive text ideal for all health and sports professional students who require a basic understanding of the major biomechanical principles they meet in practice, including movement analysis and tissue mechanics. Starting from the point of zero-knowledge, this book presents what can be a very dry and difficult area, in an engaging and visual way using everyday objects to illustrate the principles and linking this to human anatomy and movement . Less time is spent on mathematics and classic mechanics with greater emphasis on how these principles are applied to professional practice

Introductory Biomechanics uses workbook–style learning diffusing manageable chunks of theory with learning activities and ultimately making the link back to clinical application. The accompanying CD is closely tied in with the text, containing video clips and real motion analysis data of walking, jumping, cycling and rising from a chair. There are also numerous animations of principles in action. The user is in control of most clips and animations and can change settings and manipulate variables practically showing biomechanics in action. The CD also contains a dynamic quiz drawing randomly from a pool of over 70 questions (MCQs, fill-in-the-blanks, true/false) which also provides feedback and percentage score on completion.

  • Problems are posed to help students work through the theory and apply it to clinical scenarios
  • CD offers thought-experiment activities, animations, video clips and scored quizzes to aid student learning
  • Icons in text link to accompanying CD making the theory come alive
  • Boxes containing additional information on many subjects extend knowledge or provide historical perspective to the principle in question

Introduction

Chapter 1 Fundamentals of force What is force? What does mechanical force do Scalar or Vector? Drawing vectors Point of application Force magnitude and change in motion The force of muscles Magnitude of moments Direction of moments

Chapter 2 Gravity, mass and stability Gravity: the ultimate force Centre of mass Calculating the centre of mass. Moments created by mass Stability Local and general stability Standing balance

Chapter 3 Force analysis: Graphs and maths How do forces combine? The Q-angle and knee pain Measuring force Using mathematics to resolve force

Chapter 4 Forces and motion Inertia Moment of inertia Linear momentum Rotational momentum Conservation of angular momentum  Newton’s second law: Impulse and momentum Newton’s third law: Action and reaction Bodies in contact: pressure and friction Centre of pressure Friction

Chapter 5 Work and machines Work Muscles at work Direction of work Using machines to do work Categories of levers Velocity ratio More advanced machines Pulleys  The power of work Efficiency Practical problems on force and human movement

Chapter 6 Stress and strain Definitions Stress Strain Stress-strain relationship and stiffness A few other properties of materials

Chapter 7 Composition and mechanical properties of connective tissue Connective tissue Skin Muscle Bone Articular cartilage Tissue remodelling Inactivity (immobilisation) Maturation Effect of ageing Effect of recent history Temperature Science of stretch

Chapter 8 Flow Relative density Hydrostatic pressure Archimedes principle, buoyancy and Pascal's law Take the pressure off Air pressure Mechanics of flow Drag Bernoulli’s principle Blood flow: haemodynamics

Chapter 9 Energy and movement What energy is Potential and kinetic energy Elastically stored potential energy Energy conservation Muscle energy Measuring energy during movement

Chapter 10 Therapeutic application of force Mobilization techniques Static stretching Respiratory techniques Hydrotherapy Orthoses Dynamic wrist splints

Andrew Kerr, PhD, MCSP, Lecturer, Biomedical Engineering, Wolfson Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK

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