Top 60 Signs for Nurses - E-Book
Presented in a useful handbook style, Top 60 Signs for Nurses: Quick reference guide for best practice care outlines the evidence base and clinical value of each clinical sign to assist with interpretation.
Each of the signs is related back to the mechanism of action along with clearly documented research to demonstrate the evidence base associated with this sign.
- Signs are ordered alphabetically within each chapter outlining a specific body system
- Extensive reference lists of up-to-date literature strengthen the authority of the content
- Clinical Pearls highlight the main signs which students and graduate nurses should look out for to help them identify conditions with which the patients present
Chapter 1 - Respiratory Signs Accessory muscle breathing Agonal respiration Apnoea Asymmetrical chest expansion Barrel chest Bradypnoea Breath Sounds (Vesicular or Normal) Bronchial breath sounds Reduced or Diminished Breath Sounds Crackles (rales) Dyspnoea Grunting Haemoptysis Hyperventilation Intercostal recession Kussmaul’s breathing Orthopnoea Percussion Percussion: dullness Percussion: resonance/hyper-resonance Platypnoea/Orthodeoxia Pursed-lip breathing (PLB) Sputum Stridor Tachypnoea Tracheal tug Trepopnoea Vocal fremitus/tactile fremitus Vocal resonance Wheeze Chapter 2 - Cardiovascular Signs Apex beat Arterial pulse Bradycardia Capillary Return Decreased/Delayed Cheyne–Stokes breathing Clubbing Crackles (also rales) Cyanosis Jugular venous pressure (JVP) Peripheral oedema Skin Turgor – Decreased Tachycardia (sinus) Chapter 3 - Haematological / Oncological Signs Ecchymoses, purpura and petechiae Lymphadenopathy Chapter 4 - Neurological Signs Gag reflex Photophobia Pinpoint pupils Chapter 5 - Gastroenterological Signs Ascites Bowel sounds: absent Bowel sounds: hyperactive (borborygmus) Coffee ground vomiting/bloody vomitus/haematemesis Guarding Haematuria Jaundice Melaena Oliguria/Anuria Chapter 6 - Endocrinological Signs Bruising Hypotension Polydipsia Polyuria
Mark Dennis, MBBS (Honours), Medical Registrar, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia, William Talbot Bowen, MBBS, MD, Resident, Division of Emergency Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - New Orleans (LSUHSC), New Orleans, Louisiana and Lucy Cho, MBBS, MIPH, BA (University of Sydney), Emergency Registrar, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia