ISBN: 9780750675246
Page Count: 1712
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
List Price: $246.00

Borish's Clinical Refraction, 2nd Edition

by William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD
ISBN: 9780750675246
Page Count: 1712
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
List Price: $246.00
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This item has low stock levels and may be back-ordered. We'll let you know if it is back-ordered, and you will not be charged until the item ships.
Now updated and expanded to cover the latest technologies, this full-color text on clinical refraction uses an easy-to-read format to give optometry students and practitioners all the important information they need. Also covers a wide range of other aspects of the eye exam, including anterior and posterior segment evaluations, contact lens, ocular pharmacology, and visual field analysis. Four new chapters cover wavefront-guided refraction, optical correction with refractive surgeries, prosthetic devices, and patients with ocular pathology.
    • Offer precise, step-by-step how-to's for performing all of the most effective refractive techniques.
    • Presents individualized refractive approaches for the full range of patients, including special patient populations.
    • Contriubtors are internationally recognized, leading authorities in the field.
    • New full-color design with full-color images throughout.
    • Completely updated and expanded to include current technologies.
    • A new chapter on Optical Correction with Refractive Surgeries, including keratoplasty, traditional refractive surgeries (e.g. LASIK and PRK), crystalline lens extraction with and without pseudophakia, the new presbyopic surgery, etc.
    • A new chapter on Wavefront Guided Refraction provides information on the advantages and limitations the Hartmann-Shack Method for objective refraction plus aberrometry and the refraction and the use of in the correction of the eye with spectacles, contact lenses, and refractive surgery.
    • A new chapter on Patients with Ocular Pathology reflects the most current knowledge of patients with ocular pathologies.
    • Provides information on Optical Correction with Prosthetic Devices, including corneal onlays, stromal implants, phakic intraocular lenses, etc.
    • Includes new chapters and/or discussions on such topics as: Aberrations of the Eye, Refractive Consequences of Eye Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Dry Eye, Diagnosis of Pathology of the Anterior Segment, Diagnosis of Glaucoma, and Diagnosis of Pathology of the Posterior Segment.
    • Visual Acuity chapter expanded to include the effect of refractive error on visual acuity and statistics on how much of a change in visual acuity is significant.
    • Objective Refraction, Corneal Topography, and Visual Field Analysis chapters include the addition of new electro-optical and computer techniques and equipment.
    • Chapters on Multifocal Spectacle Lenses and Contact Lenses now cover newer progressive addition lenses and contact lenses that are now on the market.
    • Electrodiagnosis chapter revised to take a more clinical approach.

    1. Refractive Status of the Eye

    2. Incidence and Distribution of Refractive Anomalies

    3. Development of the Ametropias

    4. Accommodation, the Pupil, and Presbyopia

    5. Fusion and Binocularity


    6. The Ophthalmic Case Historian

    7. Visual Acuity

    8. Contrast Sensitivity and Glare Testing

    9. Color Vision

    10. Ocular Motility

    11. The Physical Examination

    12. Pharmacology and Refraction

    13. Anterior Segment Evaluation

    14. Posterior Segment Evaluation

    15. Visual Field Screening and Analysis

    16. Clinical Electrophysiology


    17. Corneal Topography

    18. Objective Refraction: Retinoscopy, Autorefraction and Photorefraction

    19. Wavefront-Guided Refraction

    20. Monocular and Binocular

    21. Phorometry and Stereopsis


    22. Analysis, Interpretation, and Prescription for the Ametropias and Heterophorias

    23. Correction with Single Vision

    24. Correction with Multifocal Spectacle Lenses

    25. Prescription of Absorptive Lenses

    26. Applied Optics of Contact Lens Correction

    27. Clinical Optics of Contact Lens Prescription

    28. Correction of Presbyopia with Contact Lenses

    29. Optical Correction with Refractive Surgeries and Prosthetic Devices


    30. Infants, Toddlers, and Children

    31. Patients with Amblyopia and Strabismus

    32. Patients with Anisometropia and Aniseikonia

    33. Patients with High Refractive Error

    34. Patients with Irregular Corneal Astigmatism

    35. The Elderly

    36. Patients with Low Vision

    37. Patients with Ocular Pathology
  • William J. Benjamin, OD, MS, PhD, Professor of Optometry and Physiological Optics, Director of Clinical Research and Senior Scientist, Vision Science Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Optometry, Birmingham, AL
Free Shipping!
Please note
This item has low stock levels and may be back-ordered. We'll let you know if it is back-ordered, and you will not be charged until the item ships.