cover image - Netter's Atlas of Human Embryology - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource (Retail Access Card)
ISBN: 9781455759026
Page Count: 288
Imprint: Saunders
List Price: $60.99

Netter's Atlas of Human Embryology - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource (Retail Access Card),

by Larry R. Cochard, PhD
Elsevier eBook on VitalSource - Access Card
cover image - Netter's Atlas of Human Embryology - Elsevier eBook on VitalSource (Retail Access Card)
ISBN: 9781455759026
Page Count: 288
Imprint: Saunders
List Price: $60.99
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  • Here's a rich pictorial review of normal and abnormal human prenatal development. For each body system or region, you'll find a brief description of the developmental plan, with key concepts and terminology, followed by discussions of histological principles, the classification of congenital defects, and basic cellular, molecular, and genetic concepts.  An emphasis on morphological patterns in the embryo and fetus makes it easy to understand the structure and function of the adult body and the embryonic basis of birth defects.

    ·         Summary tables and terminology sections at the end of each chapter, plus an appendix with all major congenital defects and their embryonic basis, make it easy to review course material and prepare for the USMLE.

    ·         Access the complete text and images online at

  • Chapter 1

    An Overview of Developmental Events, Processes, and Abnormalities . 1

    The First and Second Weeks. 2

    The Embryonic Period

    The Early Embryonic Period. 3

    The Late Embryonic Period. 4

    The Fetal Period. 5

    Histological Concepts

    Samples of Epithelia and Connective Tissue . 6

    Skin and Embryonic Connective Tissue. 7

    Induction. 8

    Apoptosis . 9

    Segmentation and Early Pattern Formation

    Genetic Determination of Embryonic Axes and Segments. 10

    Segmentation and Segment Fates. 11

    Cell Adhesion and Cell Migration. 12

    Cell Differentiation and Cell Fates . 13

    Growth Factors. 14

    Classification of Abnormal Processes . 15

    Classification of Multiple Anomalies. 16

    Normal Versus Major Versus Minor Malformations . 17

    Marfan Syndrome. 18

    Apert and De Lange Syndromes. 19

    Examples of Deformations . 20

    Example of a Deformation Sequence . 21

    Drug-Induced Embryopathies. 22

    Terminology. 23

    Chapter 2

    Early Embryonic Development and the Placenta . 27

    Adult Uterus, Ovaries, and Uterine Tubes . 28

    Ovary, Ova, and Follicle Development . 29

    The Menstrual Cycle and Pregnancy. 30

    The First Week: .

    Ovulation, Fertilization and Migration Down the Uterine Tube. 31

    Ectopic Pregnancy. 32

    Tubal Pregnancy. 33

    Interstitial, Abdominal, and Ovarian Pregnancy. 34

    The Second Week: .

    Implantation and Extraembryonic Membrane Formation. 35

    The Third Week: Gastrulation. 36

    Events Related to Gastrulation:.

    Neurulation and Early Placenta and Coelom Development . 37

    The Fourth Week: Folding of the Gastrula . 38

    The Vertebrate Body Plan. 39

    Formation of the Placenta. 40

    The Endometrium and Fetal Membranes. 41

    Placental Structure . 42

    External Placental Structure; Placental Membrane. 43

    Placental Variations . 44

    Placenta Previa. 45

    Summary of Ectodermal Derivatives. 46

    Summary of Endodermal Derivatives . 47

    Summary of Mesodermal Derivatives. 48

    Terminology. 49

    Chapter 3

    The Nervous System. 51

    Formation of the Neural Plate. 52

    Neurulation. 53

    Neural Tube and Neural Crest . 54

    Neural Tube Defects

    Defects of the Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column. 55

    Defects of the Brain and Skull. 56

    Neuron Development. 57

    Development of the Cellular Sheath of Axons . 58

    Development of the Spinal Cord Layers. 59

    Development of the Spinal Cord. 60

    Peripheral Nervous System

    Development of the Peripheral Nervous System. 61

    Somatic Versus Splanchnic Nerves . 62

    Growth of the Spinal Cord and Vertebral Column. 63

    Embryonic Dermatomes. 64

    Adult Dermatomes . 65

    Development of the Brain

    Early Brain Development. 66

    Further Development of Forebrain, Midbrain, and Hindbrain. 67

    Development of Major Brain Structures. 68

    Growth of the Cerebral Hemispheres. 69

    Derivatives of the Forebrain, Midbrain, and Hindbrain . 70

    Development of the Forebrain

    Forebrain Wall and Ventricles. 71

    Relationship Between Telencephalon and Diencephalon . 72

    Cross Sections of the Midbrain and Hindbrain. 73

    Production of Cerebrospinal Fluid . 74

    Development of Motor Nuclei in the Brainstem. 75

    Segmentation of the Hindbrain. 76

    Development of the Pituitary Gland. 77

    Development of the Ventricles. 78

    Congenital Ventricular Defects. 79

    Terminology. 80

    Chapter 4

    The Cardiovascular System. 83

    Early Vascular Systems. 84

    Vein Development

    Early Development of the Cardinal Systems . 85

    Transformation to the Postnatal Pattern. 86

    Vein Anomalies. 87

    Aortic Arch Arteries . 88

    Artery Anomalies

    Aortic Arch Anomalies. 89

    Anomalous Origins of the Pulmonary Arteries. 90

    Intersegmental Arteries and Coarctation of the Aorta. 91

    Summary of Embryonic Blood Vessel Derivatives. 92

    Formation of Blood Vessels. 93

    Formation of the Heart Tube

    Formation of the Left and Right Heart Tubes. 94

    Formation of a Single Heart Tube. 95

    Chambers of the Heart Tube. 96

    Bending of the Heart Tube. 97

    Partitioning of the Heart Tube. 98

    Atrial Separation. 99

    Spiral (Aorticopulmonary) Septum . 100

    Completion of the Spiral (Aorticopulmonary) Septum. 101

    Ventricular Separation and Bulbus Cordis. 102

    Adult Derivatives of the Heart Tube Chambers. 103

    Fetal Circulation. 104

    Transition to Postnatal Circulation . 105

    Congenital Heart Defect Concepts. 106

    Ventricular Septal Defects. 107

    Atrial Septal Defects. 108

    Spiral Septum Defects. 109

    Patent Ductus Arteriosus. 110

    Terminology. 111

    Chapter 5

    The Respiratory System. 113

    Early Primordia. 114

    Formation of the Pleural Cavities . 115

    The Relationship Between Lungs and Pleural Cavities . 116

    Visceral and Parietal Pleura . 117

    Development of the Diaphragm. 118

    Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. 119

    Airway Branching

    The Airway at 4 to 7 Weeks. 120

    The Airway at 7 to 10 Weeks. 121

    Development of Bronchioles and Alveoli . 122

    Bronchial Epithelium Maturation . 123

    Congenital Anomalies of the Lower Airway. 124

    Airway Branching Anomalies. 125

    Bronchopulmonary Sequestration. 126

    Palate Formation in the Upper Airway. 127

    The Newborn Upper Airway. 128

    Terminology. 129

    Chapter 6

    The Gastrointestinal System and Abdominal Wall . 131

    Early Primordia. 132

    Formation of the Gut Tube and Mesenteries. 133

    Foregut, Midgut, and Hindgut. 134

    Abdominal Veins . 135

    Foregut and Midgut Rotations. 136

    Meckel’s Diverticulum . 137

    Lesser Peritoneal Sac. 138

    Introduction to the Retroperitoneal Concept. 139

    Midgut Loop. 140

    Abdominal Ligaments. 141

    Abdominal Foregut Organ Development . 142

    Development of Pancreatic Acini and Islets. 143

    Congenital Pancreatic Anomalies. 144

    Development of the Hindgut . 145

    Congenital Anomalies

  • Larry R. Cochard, PhD, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
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